Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Anything and everything - The history of all man kind...
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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sun Jan 20, 2019 1:42 pm

1265 - First English Parliament summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) meets in Westminster Hall.

1801 - John Marshall was appointed chief justice of the United States.

1839 - Chile defeated a confederation of Peru and Bolivia in the Battle of Yungay.

1841 - China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War. The island was returned to Communist Chinese control in 1997.

1887 - The U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.

1921 - Republic of Turkey declared out of remnants of Ottoman Empire.

1937 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to be inaugurated on January 20th. The 20th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution officially set the date for the swearing in of the President and Vice President.

1942 - Nazi officials held the Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their "final solution" that called for exterminating Europe's Jews.

1944 - The British RAF dropped 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin.

1972 - The number of unemployed in Britain exceeded 1 million.

1981 - Iran released 52 Americans that had been held hostage for 444 days. The hostages were flown to Algeria and then to a U.S. base in Wiesbaden, West Germany. The release occurred minutes after the U.S. presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.

1986 - The U.S. observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.

1987 - Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite was kidnapped in Beirut, Lebanon. He was there attempting to negotiate the release of Western hostages. He was not freed until November 1991.

1999 - The China News Service announced that the Chinese government was tightening restrictions on internet use. The rules were aimed at 'Internet Bars.'

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Mon Jan 21, 2019 1:29 pm

1525 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.

1789 - W.H. Brown's "Power of Sympathy" was published. It was the first American novel to be published. The novel is also known as the "Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth".

1793 - During the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was executed on the guillotine. He had been condemned for treason.

1846 - The first issue of the "Daily News," edited by Charles Dickens, was published.

1861 - The future president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, resigned from the U.S. Senate. Four other Southerners also resigned.

1865 - An oil well was drilled by torpedoes for the first time. These "Torpedoes" were water tamped explosives, primarily nitroglycerin used to fracture rock remove paraffin buildup and promote the flow of oil.

1900 - Canadian troops set sail to fight in South Africa. The Boers had attacked Ladysmith on January 8, 1900.

1908 - In New York City, the Sullivan Ordinance was passed. It made smoking in public places by women illegal. The measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr. two weeks later. The Sullivan who proposed this ordnance is the same infamously corrupt, Tammany Hall Democrat who pushed the "Sullivan Law" an early attempt to disarm the citizens of New York.

1911 - The first Monte Carlo car rally was held. Seven days later it was won by Henri Rougier.

1924 - Soviet leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died. Joseph Stalin began a purge of his rivals for the leadership of the Soviet Union.

1954 - The Nautilus was launched in Groton, CT. It was the first atomic-powered submarine. U.S. First Lady Mamie Eisenhower broke the traditional bottle of champagne across the bow.

1970 - The Boeing 747 made its first commercial flight from New York to London for Pan American.

1976 - The French Concorde SST aircraft began regular commercial service for Air France and British Airways.

1977 - U.S. President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders. That would be one term President Carter.

1998 - A former White House intern said on tape that she had an affair with U.S. President Clinton.

1999 - The U.S. Coast Guard intercepted a ship headed for Houston, TX, that had over 9,500 pounds of cocaine aboard. It was one of the largest drug busts in U.S. history.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Tue Jan 22, 2019 1:05 pm

1666 - Shah Jahan, a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur, died at the age of 74. He was the Mongul emperor of India that built the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz-i-Mahal.

1689 - Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II).

1771 - The Falkland Islands were ceded to Britain by Spain.

1824 - The Ashanti army crushed British troops in the Gold Coast.

1879 - James Shields began a term as a U.S. Senator from Missouri. He had previously served Illinois and Minnesota. He was the first Senator to serve three states.

1879 - British troops were massacred by the Zulus at Isandhlwana. This is where the Zulu troops acquired the Martini-Henry rifles used in the incident below.

1879 - Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders. Also most of the defenders were Welsh, just saying.

1900 - Off of South Africa, the British released the German steamer Herzog, which had been seized on January 6.

1901 - Queen Victoria of England died after reigning for nearly 64 years. Edward VII, her son, succeeded her.

1903 - The Hay-Herrán Treaty was signed by United States Secretary of State John M. Hay and Colombian Chargé Dr. Tomás Herrán. The treaty granted the United States rights to the land proposed for the Panama Canal.

1905 - In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as "Bloody Sunday". The protesters were peaceful and very respectful of the Tsar but the guards at the palace panicked at the numbers and fired. This was the incident more than any other that started the name "Bloody Nicholas".

1917 - U.S. President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." America entered the war the following April.

1930 - In New York, excavation began for the Empire State Building.

1941 - Britain captured Tobruk from German forces.

1944 - Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy, during World War II.

1950 - Alger Hiss, a former adviser to U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, was convicted of perjury for denying contacts with a Soviet agent. He was sentenced to five years in prison.

1951 - Fidel Castro was ejected from a Winter League baseball game after hitting a batter. He later gave up baseball for politics.

1957 - The Israeli army withdrew from the Sinai. They had invaded Egypt on October 29, 1956.

1973 - The U.S. Supreme Court struck down state laws that had been restricting abortions during the first six months of pregnancy. The case (Roe vs. Wade) legalized abortion.

1984 - Apple introduced the Macintosh during the third quarter of Super Bowl XVIII.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Wed Jan 23, 2019 12:54 pm

971 - War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by use of massed crossbows from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit to the Song Dynasty. The defeated corps was the first regular unit of war elephants in the history of a Chinese army.

1368 - In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

1556 - An earthquake in Shanxi Province, China, was thought to have killed about 830,000 people.

1571 - The Royal Exchange in London, founded by financier Thomas Gresham, was opened by Queen Elizabeth I.

1789 - Georgetown College was established as the first Catholic college in the U.S. The school is in Washington, DC.

1845 - The U.S. Congress decided all national elections would be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

1907 - Charles Curtis, of Kansas, began serving in the United States Senate. He was the first American Indian to become a U.S. Senator. He resigned in March of 1929 to become U.S. President Herbert Hoover’s Vice President.

1920 - The Dutch government refused the demands from the Allies to hand over the ex-kaiser of Germany.

1937 - In Moscow, seventeen people went on trial during Josef Stalin's "Great Purge." Stalin's purge managed to wipe out most of the capable Soviet military leaders just in time for WWII. Great timing, Joe. :roll:

1943 - The British captured Tripoli from the Germans.

1950 - The Israeli Knesset approved a resolution proclaiming Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

1960 - The U.S. Navy bathyscaphe Trieste descended to a record depth of 35,820 feet (10,750 meters) in the Pacific Ocean.

1964 - Ratification of the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was completed. This amendment eliminated the poll tax in federal elections.

1968 - North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the nation's territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was released 11 months later.

1973 - U.S. President Nixon announced that an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War.

1997 - A judge in Fairfax, VA, sentenced Mir Aimal Kasi to death for an assault rifle attack outside the CIA headquarters in 1993 that killed two men and wounded three other people.

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Cousi
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by Cousi » Wed Jan 23, 2019 1:13 pm

n11pilot wrote:
Wed Jan 23, 2019 12:54 pm
1907 - Charles Curtis, of Kansas, began serving in the United States Senate. He was the first American Indian to become a U.S. Senator. He resigned in March of 1929 to become U.S. President Herbert Hoover’s Vice President.
I had no idea this had even happened. I honestly thought we hadn't had any First Nations people in the Executive Branch yet.
n11pilot wrote:
Wed Jan 23, 2019 12:54 pm
1937 - In Moscow, seventeen people went on trial during Josef Stalin's "Great Purge." Stalin's purge managed to wipe out most of the capable Soviet military leaders just in time for WWII. Great timing, Joe. :roll:
Then again, Joey wasn't exactly known for his foresight. :P

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Wed Jan 23, 2019 3:19 pm

Cousi wrote:
"I had no idea this had even happened. I honestly thought we hadn't had any First Nations people in the Executive Branch yet."

MR Curtiss was 3/8TH American Indian from his mother's side. That doesn't sound like much but compared to Elizabeth Warren it makes him a veritable plains warrior.


Cousi wrote:
"Then again, Joey wasn't exactly known for his foresight. :P"

Indeed not. Joe's strong suit wasn't foresight it was accumulating power through elimination of rivals both real and imagined, and he imagined a lot.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Thu Jan 24, 2019 12:57 pm

41 - Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after the later's assassination by officers of the Praetorian Guard. While it is probably a good thing that Caligula was prompted to take a dirt nap the down side is that this action cemented the Praetorian Guard as "King maker".

1848 - James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill in northern California. The discovery led to the gold rush of '49.

1908 - In England, the first Boy Scout troop was organized by Robert Baden-Powell. Baden-Powell was fascinating in his own right as soldier, explorer, and spy.

1916 - Conscription was introduced in Britain.

1924 - The Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad. The name has since been changed back to St. Petersburg. Shortly after this during the Stalin era the famous Russian joke about asking the older man about his residence came into being.

1935 - Krueger Brewing Company placed the first canned beer on sale in Richmond, VA.

1943 - U.S. President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.

1965 - Winston Churchill died at the age of 90.

1978 - A nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunged through Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated. The radioactive debris was scattered over parts of Canada's Northwest Territory.

1986 - The Voyager 2 space probe flew past Uranus. The probe came within 50,679 miles of the seventh planet of the solar system.

1990 - Japan launched the first probe to be sent to the Moon since 1976. A small satellite was placed in lunar orbit.

2002 - John Walker Lindh appeared in court for the first time concerning the charges that he conspired to kill Americans abroad and aided terrorist groups. Lindh had been taken into custody by U.S. Marines in Afghanistan.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Fri Jan 25, 2019 12:35 pm

1504 - The English Parliament passed statutes against retainers and liveries to curb private warfare. In this case "Retainers" referred to individuals who were in service to a noble primarily for the purpose of military service and "Livery" was the badge or identifying clothing of such retainers.

1533 - England's King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife Anne Boleyn. Boleyn later gave birth to Elizabeth I.

1554 - Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil.

1579 - The Treaty of Utrecht was signed marking the beginning of the Dutch Republic.

1840 - American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes is first to identify Antarctica as a new continent.

1858 - Mendelssohn’s "Wedding March" was presented for the first time at the wedding of the daughter of Queen Victoria and the Crown Prince of Prussia.

1915 - In New York, Alexander Graham Bell spoke to his assistant in San Francisco, inaugurating the first transcontinental telephone service.

1924 - The 1st Winter Olympic Games were inaugurated in Chamonix in the French Alps.

1950 - A federal jury in New York City found former State Department official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury.

1961 - John F. Kennedy presented the first live presidential news conference from Washington, DC. The event was carried on radio and television.

1971 - Maj. Gen. Idi Amin led a coup that deposed Milton Obote and became president of Uganda.

1981 - The 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in the United States and were reunited with their families.

2011 - Egyptian Revolution of 2011 begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities. This was the first large scale event in the so called "Arab Spring" which began with protests in Tunisia the previous December.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Jan 26, 2019 12:49 pm

1482 - The Pentateuch or Torah the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy.

1500 - Vicente Yáñez Pinzón discovered Brazil. Surprising thousands of Indians who lived there.

1736 - Stanislaus I formally abdicated as King of Poland.

1784 - In a letter to his daughter, Benjamin Franklin expressed unhappiness over the eagle as the symbol of America. He wanted the symbol to be the turkey. I don't often disagree with Ben but when I do it's over turkey.

1788 - The first European settlers in Australia, led by Captain Arthur Phillip, landed in what became known as Sydney. The group had first settled at Botany Bay eight days before. This day is celebrated as Australia Day.

1802 - The U.S. Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. Capitol.

1827 - Peru seceded from Colombia in protest against Simón Bolívar's alleged tyranny.

1837 - Michigan became the 26th state to join the United States.

1841 - Britain formally occupied Hong Kong, which the Chinese had ceded to the British.

1861 - In the U.S., Louisiana seceded from the Union.

1870 - The state of Virgina rejoined the Union.

1875 - George F. Green patented the electric dental drill for sawing, filing, dressing and polishing teeth. I wonder if he also copyrighted that very distinctive sound?

1911 - Inventor Glenn H. Curtiss flew the first successful seaplane.

1939 - In the Spanish Civil War, Franco's forces, with Italian aid, took Barcelona.

1942 - The first American expeditionary force to go to Europe during World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.

1961 - U.S. President John F. Kennedy appointed Dr. Janet G. Travell as the first woman to be the "personal physician to the President".

1962 - The U.S. launched Ranger 3 to land scientific instruments on the moon. The probe missed its target by about 22,000 miles.

1992 - Russian president Boris Yeltsin announced that his country would stop targeting U.S. cities with nuclear weapons.

1998 - U.S. President Clinton denied having an affair with a former White House intern, saying "I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky."

1999 - Saddam Hussein vowed revenge against the U.S. in response to air-strikes that reportedly killed civilians. The strikes were U.S. planes defending themselves against anti-aircraft fire.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sun Jan 27, 2019 12:58 pm

661 - Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with death of Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate.

1606 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and his fellow conspirators began. They were executed on January 31.

1820 - Russian Antarctic expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica. This expedition did not realize at the time that Antarctica was a separate continent.

1825 - U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears". Not our finest hour.

1880 - Thomas Edison patented the electric incandescent lamp.

1888 - The National Geographic Society was founded in Washington, DC.

1900 - In China, foreign diplomats in Peking, fearing a revolt, demanded that the imperial government discipline the Boxer rebels.

1926 - John Baird, a Scottish inventor, demonstrated a pictorial transmission machine called television. This device was a "Mechanical TV.

1943 - During World War II, the first all American air raid against Germany took place when about 50 bombers attacked Wilhlemshaven.

1944 - The Soviet Union announced that the two year German siege of Leningrad had come to an end.

1945 - Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.

1948 - Wire Recording Corporation of America announced the first magnetic tape recorder. The ‘Wireway’ machine with a built-in oscillator sold for $149.50.

1951 - In the U.S., atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.

1967 - At Cape Kennedy, FL, astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo I spacecraft.

1967 - More than 60 nations signed the Outer Space Treaty which banned the orbiting of nuclear weapons and placing weapons on celestial bodies or space stations.

1973 - The Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris.

1981 - U.S. President Reagan greeted the 52 former American hostages released by Iran at the White House.

1997 - It was revealed that French national museums were holding nearly 2,000 works of art stolen from Jews by the Nazis during World War II.

1998 - U.S. First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton appeared on NBC's "Today" show. She charged that the allegations against her husband were the work of a "vast right-wing conspiracy". and possibly a defective zipper.

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