Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Anything and everything - The history of all man kind...
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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Mon Jan 28, 2019 12:08 pm

1521 - Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th. Produced the "Edict of Worms" which denounced Martin Luther. Martin Luther was not happy and rejected the denunciation.

1547 - England's King Henry VIII died. He was succeeded by his 9 year-old son, Edward VI.

1807 - London's Pall Mall became the first street lit by gaslight.

1871 - France surrendered in the Franco-Prussian War. Military historians point out that this French loss had an effect on the style of military uniforms around the World. Prior to this many military forces had adopted some aspect of French design in their uniforms, such as the Civil War Zuave units and the kepi caps in general issue to both sides. After the French defeat uniforms took on a distinct Germanic flavor.

1902 - The Carnegie Institution was established in Washington, DC. It began with a gift of $10 million from Andrew Carnegie.

1909 - The United States ended direct control over Cuba.

1915 - The Coast Guard was created by an act of the U.S. Congress to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea.

1916 - Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Wilson to the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.

1918 - The Bolsheviks occupied Helsinki, Finland. Typical of pushy socialists.

1945 - During World War II, Allied supplies began reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road.

1958 - Construction began on first private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor.

1965 - General Motors reported the biggest profit of any U.S. company in history.

1980 - Six Americans who had fled the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4, 1979, left Iran using false Canadian diplomatic passports. The Americans had been hidden at the Canadian embassy in Tehran.

1982 - Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued U.S. Brigadier General James L. Dozier. 42 days before he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.

1986 - The U.S. space shuttle Challenger exploded just after takeoff. All seven of its crew members were killed.

1998 - In Manilla, Philippines, gunmen held at least 400 children and teachers for several hours at an elementary school.

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Cousi
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by Cousi » Mon Jan 28, 2019 4:49 pm

n11pilot wrote:
Mon Jan 28, 2019 12:08 pm
1915 - The Coast Guard was created by an act of the U.S. Congress to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea.
Semper Paratus! :D

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Tue Jan 29, 2019 12:23 pm

Cousi wrote:
Mon Jan 28, 2019 4:49 pm
n11pilot wrote:
Mon Jan 28, 2019 12:08 pm
1915 - The Coast Guard was created by an act of the U.S. Congress to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea.
Semper Paratus! :D
"I shall sell life dearly to an enemy of my country, but give it freely to rescue those in peril." Any service that has those words in its creed is pretty bad ass.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Tue Jan 29, 2019 12:34 pm

1595 - William Shakespeare's play "Romeo and Juliet" is thought to have been first performed. Officially published early 1597.

1820 - Britain's King George III died insane at Windsor Castle.

1845 - Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven" was published for the first time in the "New York Evening Mirror."

1850 - Henry Clay introduced in the Senate a compromise bill on slavery that included the admission of California into the Union as a free state.

1856 - Britain's highest military decoration, the Victoria Cross, was founded by Queen Victoria. Since its establishment the VC has been awarded 1,358 times. One of those medals was awarded to the Unknown Soldier in Arlington.

1861 - In America, Kansas became the 34th state of the Union.

1886 - Karl Benz patents the "Benz Patent-Motorwagen" in Karlsruhe, Germany, the world's 1st automobile with a gasoline engine.

1916 - In World War I, Paris was bombed by German zeppelins for the first time.

1949 - "The Newport News" was commissioned as the first air-conditioned naval ship in Virginia.

1958 - Charles Starkweather was captured by police in Wyoming.

1990 - Joseph Hazelwood, the former skipper of the Exxon Valdez, went on trial in Anchorage, AK, on charges that stemmed from America's worst oil spill. Hazelwood was later acquitted of all the major charges and was convicted of a misdemeanor.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Wed Jan 30, 2019 1:09 pm

1649 - England's King Charles I was beheaded.

1661 - Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years. Yeah, that had to be a nasty piece of work.

1790 - The first purpose-built lifeboat was launched on the River Tyne.

1798 - The first brawl in the U.S. House of Representatives took place. Congressmen Matthew Lyon and Roger Griswold fought on the House floor. When I found this for some reason the "Star Trek" fight theme came to mind.

1815 - Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes.

1847 - The town of Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco.

1862 - The U.S. Navy's first ironclad warship, the "Monitor", was launched.

1902 - Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea.

1911 - The first downed aircraft rescue at sea was made by the destroyer USS Terry. Pilot James McCurdy was forced to land in the ocean about 10 miles from Havana, Cuba.

1933 - President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany who forms a government with Franz von Papen.

1939 - Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag.

1948 - Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by a Hindu extremist.

1964 - January 30 - The U.S. launched Ranger 6. The unmanned spacecraft carried television cameras and was intentionally crash-landed on the moon. The cameras did not return any pictures to Earth.

1968 - The Tet Offensive began as Communist forces launched surprise attacks against South Vietnamese provincial capitals. Interesting fact, despite some early setbacks the US and ARVN forces actually handed the Viet Cong their butts and ultimately defeated North Vietnamese regulars units. However Walter Cronkite altered his reporting to lead the American public to belie the opposite. Not exactly what one would expect of the American media.

1972 - In Northern Ireland, British soldiers shot and killed thirteen Roman Catholic civil rights marchers. The day is known as "Bloody Sunday."

1979 - The civilian government of Iran announced it had decided to allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to return. He had been living in exile in France.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Thu Jan 31, 2019 12:38 pm

1606 - Guy Fawkes was executed after being convicted for his role in the "Gunpowder Plot" against the English Parliament and King James I. This is probably the definition of swift proceedings as the trial began on 27 JAN.

1747 - The first clinic specializing in the treatment of venereal diseases was opened at London Dock Hospital.

1858 - The Great Eastern, the five-funnelled steamship designed by Brunel, was launched at Millwall.

1865 - In America, General Robert E. Lee was named general-in-chief of the Confederate armies.

1865 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. House of Representatives. It was ratified by the necessary number of states on December 6, 1865. The amendment abolished slavery in the United States.

1876 - All Native American Indians were ordered to move into reservations.

1893 - The trademark "Coca-Cola" was first registered in the United States Patent Office.

1917 - Germany announced its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. This policy more than anything else swung popular American opinion in favor of the Allies. The US would declare war on Imperial Germany on 2 April 1917.

1930 - U.S. Navy Lt. Ralph S. Barnaby became the first glider pilot to have his craft released from a dirigible, a large blimp, at Lakehurst, NJ. This was important in the development of later "Parasite" fighter experiments involving US Navy airships.

1943 - Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to Soviet troops at Stalingrad.

1944 - During World War II, U.S. forces invaded Kwajalein Atoll and other areas of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.

1945 - Private Eddie Slovik became the only U.S. soldier since the U.S. Civil War to be executed for desertion.

1946 - A new constitution in Yugoslavia created six constituent republics (Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia) subordinated to a central authority, on the model of the USSR.

1950 - U.S. President Truman announced that he had ordered development of the hydrogen bomb.

1971 - Astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa lifted off aboard Apollo 14 on a mission to the moon.

1995 - U.S. President Clinton invoked presidential emergency authority to provide a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

2001 - A Scottish court in the Netherlands convicted one Libyan and acquitted a second in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, that occurred in 1988. This was a special setting of the High Court established under Scots law.

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Fri Feb 01, 2019 12:52 pm

1587 - Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots.

1788 - Isaac Briggs and William Longstreet patented the steamboat. This was a state patent granted by Georgia before the formation of the US Patent Office. It should be noted that Robert Fulton piloted his steamboat the Clermont several day earlier in New York.

1790 - The U.S. Supreme Court convened for the first time in New York City.

1793 - France declared war on Britain and Holland.

1842 - In New York City, the "City Dispatch Post" began operations. It was a private company that was the first to introduce adhesive postage stamps in the western hemisphere. The company was bought by the U.S. government a few months later and renamed "United States City Dispatch Post."

1843 Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America - The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens

1861 - Texas voted to secede from the Union.

1862 - "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," by Julia Ward Howe was first published in the "Atlantic Monthly."

1865 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln signed a Joint Resolution submitting the proposed 13th Amendment to the states.

1893 - Thomas A. Edison completed work on the world's first motion picture studio in West Orange, NJ.

1900 - Eastman Kodak Co. introduced the $1 Brownie box camera.

1908 - King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.

1946 - Norwegian statesman Trygve Lie was chosen to be the first secretary-general of the United Nations.

1958 - The United Arab Republic was formed by a union of Egypt and Syria. It was broken 1961.

1968 - During the Vietnam War, South Vietnamese National Police Chief Brig. Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan executed a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to the head. The scene was captured in a news photograph and was used widely as anti war propaganda. The news failed to report the backstory that the VC "Officer" was dressed in civilian clothing and operating as commander of a wet work team that had just murdered a South Vietnamese police official and his family including wife and children. Under the rules of warfare the VC being found operating in a belligerent manner dressed in civilian clothing and targeting non combatants was subject to exactly what he had received.

1994 - Jeff Gillooly pled guilty in Portland, OR, for his role in the attack on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan. Gillooly, Tonya Harding's ex-husband, struck a plea bargain under which he confessed to racketeering charges in exchange for testimony implicating Harding.

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Cousi
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by Cousi » Fri Feb 01, 2019 4:02 pm

A couple things. First:
1865 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. House of Representatives. It was ratified by the necessary number of states on December 6, 1865. The amendment abolished slavery in the United States.

1876 - All Native American Indians were ordered to move into reservations.
Just goes to show we didn't really make any improvements in terms of racial relations and how the First Nations people have been treated miserably by the US government. Is it worse than slavery? Not an easy question to ask or answer. Somehow though the civil rights movement seemed to have passed us by.

Also:
1968 - During the Vietnam War, South Vietnamese National Police Chief Brig. Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan executed a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to the head. The scene was captured in a news photograph and was used widely as anti war propaganda. The news failed to report the backstory that the VC "Officer" was dressed in civilian clothing and operating as commander of a wet work team that had just murdered a South Vietnamese police official and his family including wife and children. Under the rules of warfare the VC being found operating in a belligerent manner dressed in civilian clothing and targeting non combatants was subject to exactly what he had received.
Just goes to show that the media hasn't changed in fifty fucking years. :evil:

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Feb 02, 2019 1:42 pm

Cousi wrote:
Fri Feb 01, 2019 4:02 pm
A couple things. First:
1865 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. House of Representatives. It was ratified by the necessary number of states on December 6, 1865. The amendment abolished slavery in the United States.

1876 - All Native American Indians were ordered to move into reservations.
Just goes to show we didn't really make any improvements in terms of racial relations and how the First Nations people have been treated miserably by the US government. Is it worse than slavery? Not an easy question to ask or answer. Somehow though the civil rights movement seemed to have passed us by.

Also:
1968 - During the Vietnam War, South Vietnamese National Police Chief Brig. Gen. Nguyen Ngoc Loan executed a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to the head. The scene was captured in a news photograph and was used widely as anti war propaganda. The news failed to report the backstory that the VC "Officer" was dressed in civilian clothing and operating as commander of a wet work team that had just murdered a South Vietnamese police official and his family including wife and children. Under the rules of warfare the VC being found operating in a belligerent manner dressed in civilian clothing and targeting non combatants was subject to exactly what he had received.
Just goes to show that the media hasn't changed in fifty fucking years. :evil:

Cousi, to your first point I agree completely. The American Indian has been ignored by the civil rights movement to the great embarrassment of both the movement and the nation.

On your second point I think I have to disagree. The media has changed in the past fifty years. it has gotten far worse. :x

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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Feb 02, 2019 1:51 pm

1536 - The Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.

1653 - New Amsterdam, now known as New York City, was incorporated. Interesting fact; the NYPD has green lamps outside its stations this is a tribute to the night watch established by the Dutch settlers of New Amsterdam who carried lanterns (Lanthorns) with green shades to reassure people that the night watch was on duty.

1848 - The Mexican War was ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The treaty turned over portions of land to the U.S., including Texas, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, California and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. The U.S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 and assumed responsibility of all claims against Mexico by American citizens. Texas had already entered the U.S. on December 29, 1845.

1848 - The first shipload of Chinese emigrants arrived in San Francisco, CA. There is no record so far of a General Tso among them.

1863 - Samuel Langhorne Clemens used a pseudonym for the first time. He is better remembered by the pseudonym which is Mark Twain.

1893 - The Edison Studio in West Orange, NJ, made history when they filmed the first motion picture close-up. The studio was owned and operated by Thomas Edison.

1901 - Queen Victoria's funeral takes place in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England. Many of the future belligerents of WWI attended this funeral and quite a few were related to Victoria by blood.

1935 - Leonard Keeler conducted the first test of the polygraph machine, in Portage, WI.

1945 - U.S. President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill left for a summit in Yalta with Soviet leader Josef Stalin.

1980 - The situation known as "Abscam" began when reports surfaced that the FBI had conducted a sting operation that targeted members of the U.S. Congress. A phony Arab businessmen were used in the operation.

1989 - The final Russian armored column left Kabul, Afghanistan, after nine years of military occupation.

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