Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Anything and everything - The history of all man kind...
User avatar
Cousi
Posts: 184
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 10:04 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by Cousi » Sun Jan 13, 2019 8:53 pm

1942 - Henry Ford patented the plastic automobile referred to as the "Soybean Car." The car was 30% lighter than the average car. Only some parts were made from soy bean derived plastic. It was ahead of its time.
I had no idea. I always kind of assumed plastic was invented in the 50s. Clearly I was very wrong.

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sun Jan 13, 2019 11:13 pm

Cousi wrote:
Sun Jan 13, 2019 8:53 pm
1942 - Henry Ford patented the plastic automobile referred to as the "Soybean Car." The car was 30% lighter than the average car. Only some parts were made from soy bean derived plastic. It was ahead of its time.
I had no idea. I always kind of assumed plastic was invented in the 50s. Clearly I was very wrong.

I checked into that too. Apparently organic plastics have been around a while. Natural polymers like rubber were used by the Olmecs as early as 1000BC to make sporting equipment in the form of balls. Cellulose, the polymer fibers that make wood so durable have been used in the form of paper and eventually led to what we would recognize as a plastic in 1862. Parkesine was invented by British scientist Alexander Parkes and was used for buttons, combs, knife grips, etc. American inventors the Hyatt brothers added camphor to the formula for Parkensine and created Celluloid. This was used in everything from cuffs and collars to film stock. The first synthetic plastic, Bakelite was invented in 1907 by American inventor Baekeland. It should be noted that these inventors had great imagination in everything except naming their inventions. Bakelite was used in things like radio cabinets, insulators, pistol grips, and everyday objects. The late 1920 and 1930s saw the development of plastics like polystyrene, polyester, PVC, polyethylene, and nylon.

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Mon Jan 14, 2019 1:07 pm

1526 - Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders.

1639 - Connecticut's first constitution, the "Fundamental Orders," was adopted.

1641 - United East Indian Company conquers city of Malacca, 7,000 killed.

1724 - Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne.

1784 - The United States ratified a peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris, with England ending the Revolutionary War.

1873 - John Hyatt's 1869 invention ‘Celluloid’ was registered as a trademark. Coincidence rears its head.

1878 - Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated the telephone for Britain's Queen Victoria.

1907 - An earthquake killed over 1,000 people in Kingston, Jamaica.

1943 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane while in office. He flew from Miami, FL, to French Morocco where he met with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to discuss World War II.

1953 - Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country's Parliament.

1954 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merged with Nash-Kelvinator. The new company was called the American Motors Corporation.

1969 - An explosion aboard the U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise off Hawaii killed 25 crew members.

1994 - U.S. President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed Kremlin accords to stop aiming missiles at any nation and to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of Ukraine.

1998 - Whitewater prosecutors questioned Hillary Rodham Clinton at the White House for 10 minutes about the gathering of FBI background files on past Republican political appointees.

1999 - The impeachment trial of U.S. President Clinton began in Washington, DC.

1999 - The U.S. proposed the lifting of the U.N. ceilings on the sale of oil in Iraq. The restriction being that the money be used to buy medicine and food for the Iraqi people.

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Tue Jan 15, 2019 12:43 pm

588 BC Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah's reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.

1535 - Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England.

1559 - England's Queen Elizabeth I (Elizabeth Tudor) was crowned in Westminster Abbey.

1624 - Many riots occurred in Mexico when it was announced that all churches were to be closed.

1777 - The people of New Connecticut (now the state of Vermont) declared their independence. This was independence from the British colony of Quebec and the states of New York and New Hampshire.

1844 - The University of Notre Dame received its charter from the state of Indiana.

1870 - A cartoon by Thomas Nast titled "A Live Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion" appeared in "Harper's Weekly." The cartoon used the donkey to symbolize the Democratic Party for the first time.

1892 - "Triangle" magazine in Springfield, MA, published the rules for a brand new game. The original rules involved attaching a peach baskets to a suspended board. It is now known as basketball.

1902 - Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State.

1913 - The first telephone line between Berlin and New York was inaugurated.

1943 - The Pentagon was dedicated as the world's largest office building just outside Washington, DC, in Arlington, VA. The structure covers 34 acres of land and has 17 miles of corridors.

1953 - Harry S Truman became the first U.S. President to use radio and television to give his farewell as he left office.

1973 - U.S. President Nixon announced the suspension of all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam. He cited progress in peace negotiations as the reason.

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Wed Jan 16, 2019 1:13 pm

27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. This is considered to be the end of the Roman Republic in all but name and the start of the Roman Empire. Augustus pretended to be just another Roman citizen of the Senatorial class but had the title of "Princeps senatus/princeps civitatis " or First among the senators and first among the citizens. Taken to be first among equals. So "We are are equal but I am more equal.

1412 - The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.

1547 - Ivan the Terrible was crowned Czar of Russia. Ivan was not yet 17 and was the first ruler crowned as Tsar of all the Russias.

1572 - The Duke of Norfolk was tried for treason for complicity in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. He was executed on June 2.

1809 - The British defeated the French at the Battle of Corunna, in the Peninsular War.

1883 - The United States Civil Service Commission was established as the Pendleton Act went into effect.

1900 - The U.S. Senate consented to the Anglo-German treaty of 1899, by which the U.K. renounced rights to the Samoan islands.

1919 - The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibited the sale or transportation of alcoholic beverages, was ratified. It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.

1920 - Prohibition went into effect in the U.S.

1944 - General Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of the Allied invasion force in London.

1970 - Colonel Muammar el-Quaddafi became virtual president of Libya.

1970 - Buckminster Fuller, the designer of the geodesic dome, was awarded the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects.

1979 - The Shah of Iran and his family fled Iran for Egypt.

1982 - Britain and the Vatican resumed full diplomatic relations after a break of over 400 years.

1985 - "Playboy" magazine announced its 30-year tradition of stapling centerfold models in the bellybutton and elsewhere would come to an immediate end. Truly the most significant incident in history for today as it affected so many males from the age of 12 to still has a pulse. :)

1991 - The White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm. The operation was designed to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.

1998 - NASA officially announced that John Glenn would fly aboard the space shuttle Discovery in October. In a tribute to the philosophy of "If you don't feel dead-don't lay down" Glenn was 77 years old at the time of liftoff.

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Thu Jan 17, 2019 12:58 pm

1377 - The Papal See was transferred from Avignon in France back to Rome.

1562 - French Protestants were recognized under the Edict of St. Germain.

1773 - Captain Cook's Resolution became the first ship to cross the Antarctic Circle.

1852 - The independence of the Transvaal Boers was recognized by Britain.

1873 - A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.

1882 - Thomas Edison's exhibit opened the Crystal Palace Exhibition in London.

1893 - The Kingdom of Hawaii's monarchy was overthrown when a group of businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate.

1900 - The U.S. took Wake Island where there was in important cable link between Hawaii and Manila.

1900 - Yaqui Indians in Texas proclaimed their independence from Mexico.

1900 - Mormon Brigham Roberts was denied a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives for his practicing of polygamy.

1912 - English explorer Robert Falcon Scott reached the South Pole. Norwegian Roald Amundsen had beaten him there by one month. Scott and his party died during the return trip.

1913 - All partner interests in 36 Golden Rule Stores were consolidated and incorporated in Utah into one company. The new corporation was the J.C. Penney Company.

1934 - Ferdinand Porsche submitted a design for a people's car, a "Volkswagen," to the new German Reich government.

1945 - Soviet and Polish forces liberated Warsaw during World War II. After Soviet foot dragging with a post war political agenda in mind.

1945 - Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg disappeared in Hungary while in Soviet custody. Wallenberg was credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews.

1961 - In his farewell address, U.S. President Eisenhower warned against the rise of "the military-industrial complex."

1966 - A B-52 carrying four H-bombs collided with a refuelling tanker. The bombs were released and eight crewmembers were killed.

1977 - Double murderer Gary Gilmore became the first to be executed in the U.S. in a decade. The firing squad took place at Utah State Prison.

1991 - Coalition airstrikes began against Iraq after negotiations failed to get Iraq to retreat from the country of Kuwait.

User avatar
Cousi
Posts: 184
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 10:04 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by Cousi » Thu Jan 17, 2019 4:37 pm

n11pilot wrote:
Thu Jan 17, 2019 12:58 pm
1773 - Captain Cook's Resolution became the first ship to cross the Antarctic Circle.
Actually, he probably wasn't but it was the first documented crossing we have so ...

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Fri Jan 18, 2019 12:46 pm

Cousi wrote:
Thu Jan 17, 2019 4:37 pm
n11pilot wrote:
Thu Jan 17, 2019 12:58 pm
1773 - Captain Cook's Resolution became the first ship to cross the Antarctic Circle.
Actually, he probably wasn't but it was the first documented crossing we have so ...
You are undoubtedly correct. Like many such events in history we will probably never know who was actually first because they never managed to leave a record.

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Fri Jan 18, 2019 12:59 pm

1591 - King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.

1778 - English navigator Captain James Cook discovered the Hawaiian Islands, which he called the "Sandwich Islands." John Montagu the 4TH Earl of Sandwich as First Lord of the Admiralty was one of the main sponsors of Cook's voyage.

1788 - First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony.

1803 - Thomas Jefferson, in secret communication with Congress, sought authorization for the first official exploration by the U.S. government.

1817 - José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile.

1871 - Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck. What in the name of Tuchman could possibly go wrong?

1911 - For the first time an aircraft landed on a ship. Pilot Eugene B. Ely flew onto the deck of the USS Pennsylvania in San Francisco harbor. Ely landed his Curtiss pusher biplane on the USS Pennsylvania with the aid of arresting gear contrived of a series of parallel sandbags with line stretched between them. Upon landing a hook on the biplane snagged enough of the lines that the weight of the dragging sandbags stopped it from sailing off the end of the ship.

1929 - Walter Winchell made his debut on radio.

1943 - During World War II, the Soviets announced that they had broken the Nazi siege of Leningrad, which had began in September of 1941.

1957 - The first, non-stop, around-the-world, jet flight came to an end at Riverside, CA. The plane was refueled in mid-flight by huge aerial tankers.

1990 - In an FBI sting, Washington, DC, Mayor Marion Barry was arrested for drug possession. He was later convicted of a misdemeanor.

1995 - A network of caves were discovered near the town of Vallon-Pont-d'Arc in southern France. The caves contained paintings and engravings that were 17,000 to 20,000 years old.

User avatar
n11pilot
Posts: 458
Joined: Tue Aug 14, 2018 8:52 pm

Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Jan 19, 2019 1:36 pm

379- Theodosius installed as co-emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.

1419 - Rouen surrendered to Henry V, completing his conquest of Normandy.

1764 - John Wilkes was expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.

1812- Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.

1825 - Ezra Daggett and Thomas Kensett of New York City patented a canning process to preserve salmon, oysters and lobsters.

1861 - Georgia seceded from the Union.

1883 - Thomas Edison's first village electric lighting system using overhead wires began operation in Roselle, NJ.

1915 - More than 20 people were killed when German zeppelins bombed England for the first time. The bombs were dropped on Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn.

1937 - Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record. He flew from Los Angeles to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.

1942 - The Japanese invaded Burma.

1966 - Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India.

1969 - In protest against the Russian invasion of 1968, Czech student Jan Palach set himself on fire in Prague's Wenceslas Square.

1977 - U.S. President Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino (the "Tokyo Rose").

1981 - The U.S. and Iran signed an agreement paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months and for arrangements to unfreeze Iranian assets and to resolve all claims against Iran.

1983 - China announced that it was banning 1983 purchases of cotton, soybeans and chemical fibers from the United States.

2006 - NASA's New Horizons spacecraft was launched. The mission was the first to investigate Pluto.

Post Reply