Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Anything and everything - The history of all man kind...
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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Wed Feb 27, 2019 12:16 pm

1700 - The Pacific Island of New Britain was discovered.

1801 - The city of Washington, DC, was placed under congressional jurisdiction.

1827 - New Orleans held its first Mardi Gras celebration.

1861 - In Warsaw, Russian troops fired on a crowd protesting Russian rule over Poland. Five protesting marchers were killed in the incident.

1896 - The "Charlotte Observer" published a picture of an X-ray photograph made by Dr. H.L. Smith. The photograph showed a perfect picture of all the bones of a hand and a bullet that Smith had placed between the third and fourth fingers in the palm.

1900 - In South Africa, the British received an unconditional surrender from Boer Gen. Piet Cronje at Paardeberg.

1900 - In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labor Party (formed in 1893) meet, results in a Labor Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labor Party in 1906.

1922 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the 19th Amendment that guaranteed women the right to vote.

1933 - The Reichstag, Germany's parliament building in Berlin, was set afire. The Nazis accused Communist for the fire. One of the events that proved key in Hitler's rise to power.

1951 - The 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, limiting U.S. Presidents to two terms.

1972 - The Shanghai Communique was issued by U.S. President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai.

1981 - Chrysler Corporation was granted an additional $400 million in federal loan guarantees. Chrysler had posted a loss of $1.7 billion in 1980.

1990 - The Exxon Corporation and Exxon Shipping were indicted on five criminal counts in reference to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.

1991 - U.S. President George H.W. Bush announced live on television that "Kuwait is liberated."

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Thu Feb 28, 2019 12:29 pm

202 BC - Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty's rule over China.

1710 - In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jorgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock.

1827 - The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became the first railroad incorporated for commercial transportation of people and freight.

1844 - Several people were killed aboard the USS Princeton when a 12-inch gun exploded.

1849 - Regular steamboat service to California via Cape Horn arrived in San Francisco for the first time. The SS California had left New York Harbor on October 6, 1848. The trip took 4 months and 21 days.

1854 - The Republican Party was organized in Ripon, WI. About 50 slavery opponents began the new political group.

1885 - AT&T (American Telephone and Telegraph) was incorporated. The company was capitalized on only $100,000 and provided long distance service for American Bell.

1900 - In South Africa, British troops relieved Ladysmith, which had been under siege since November 2, 1899.

1951 - A Senate committee issued a report that stated that there were at least two major crime syndicates in the U.S.

1974 - The U.S. and Egypt re-established diplomatic relations after a break of seven years.

1993 - U.S. Federal agents raided the compound of an armed religious cult in Waco, TX. The ATF had planned to arrest the leader of the Branch Davidians, David Koresh, on federal firearms charges. Four agents and six Davidians were killed and a 51-day standoff followed.

1994 - NATO made its first military strike when U.S. F-16 fighters shot down four Bosnian Serb warplanes in violation of a no-fly zone over central Bosnia.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Fri Mar 01, 2019 12:34 pm

1498 - Vasco de Gama landed at what is now Mozambique on his way to India.

1562 - In Vassy, France, Catholics massacred over 1,000 Huguenots. The event started the First War of Religion.

1642 Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city.

1692 - In Salem Village, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Salem witch trials began. Four women were the first to be charged.

1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery the law applied only to newborns.

1781 - In America, the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation.

1790 - The U.S. Congress authorized the first U.S. census.

1803 - Ohio became the 17th U.S. state.

1811 - Egyptian ruler Mohammed Ali massacred the leaders of the Mameluke dynasty.

1845 - U.S. President Tyler signed the congressional resolution to annex the Republic of Texas.

1847 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty except for treason against the state.

1867 - Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state.

1872 - The U.S. Congress authorized the creation of Yellowstone National Park. It was the world's first national park.

1873 - E. Remington and Sons of Ilion, NY, began the manufacturing the first practical typewriter. Yes, that Remington.

1896 - The Battle of Adowa began in Ethiopia between the forces of Emperor Menelik II and Italian troops. The Italians were defeated.

1907 - In Odessa, Russia, there were only about 15,000 Jews left due to evacuations.

1912 - Captain Albert Berry made the first parachute jump from a moving airplane. This first is in some debate as a few historians give the credit to one Grant Morton for the first jump.

1932 - The 22-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh was kidnapped. The child was found dead in May.

1941 - Bulgaria joined the Axis powers by signing the Tripartite Pact.

1950 - Klaus Fuchs was convicted of giving U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.

1954 - The United States announced that it had conducted a hydrogen bomb test on the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. It was the first U.S. test of a dry fuel hydrogen bomb under Operation Castle.

1954 - Five U.S. congressmen were wounded when four Puerto Rican nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of Representatives.

1971 - A bomb exploded in a restroom in the Senate wing of the U.S. Capitol. There were no injuries. A U.S. group protesting the Vietnam War claimed responsibility. The Weather Underground founded by Bill "Why is that name familiar?" Ayers claimed responsibility.

1988 - Soviet troops were sent into Azerbaijan after ethnic riots between Armenians and Azerbaijanis.

1992 - Bosnian Serb snipers fired upon civilians after a majority of the Muslim and Croatian communities voted in favor of Bosnia's independence.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Mar 02, 2019 1:10 pm

1791 - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.

1807 - The U.S. Congress passed an act to "prohibit the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States... from any foreign kingdom, place, or country."

1836 - Texas declared its independence from Mexico and an ad interim government was formed.

1877 - In the U.S., Rutherford B. Hayes was declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election by the U.S. Congress. Samuel J. Tilden, however, had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876.

1888 - The Convention of Constantinople signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.

1897 - U.S. President Cleveland vetoed legislation that would have required a literacy test for immigrants entering the country.

1899 - U.S. President McKinley signed a measure that created the rank of Admiral for the U.S. Navy. The first admiral was George Dewey.

1917 - The Russian Revolution began with Czar Nicholas II abdicating.

1933 - The motion picture King Kong had its world premiere in New York.

1939 - The Massachusetts legislature voted to ratify the Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution. These first ten amendments had gone into effect 147 years before.

1949 - The B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II landed in Fort Worth, TX. The American plane had completed the first non-stop around-the-world flight.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sun Mar 03, 2019 1:10 pm

1575 - Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.

1791 - The U.S. Congress passed a resolution that created the U.S. Mint.

1803 - The first impeachment trial of a U.S. Judge, John Pickering, began.

1817 - The first commercial steamboat route from Louisville to New Orleans was opened.

1845 - The U.S. Congress passed legislation overriding a U.S. President’s veto. It was the first time the Congress had achieved this. The Bill S66 dealt with authorization to build ships for the Revenue Marine.

1857 - Second Opium War begins as France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.

1849 - The Gold Coinage Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. It allowed the minting of gold coins.

1861 - Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granting them the full rights of free citizens. Old calendar date 19 FEB.

1878 - Russia and the Ottomans signed the treaty of San Stenafano. The treaty granted independence to Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and the autonomy of Bulgaria.

1885 - The American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) was incorporated in New York as a subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company.

1903 - The U.S. imposed a $2 head tax on immigrants.

1909 - Aviators Herring, Curtiss and Bishop announced that airplanes would be made commercially in the U.S.

1910 - Nicaraguan rebels admitted defeat in open war and resorted to guerrilla tactics in the hope of U.S. intervention.

1918 - The Treaty of Brest Litovsky was signed by Germany, Austria and Russia. The treaty ended Russia's participation in World War I. The terms of the treaty were humiliating to the Russians but were acceptable to Lenin and the Bolsheviks to free them to go about the business of solidifying their control of the country. Or as one History professor likes to put it,"Freed the Bolsheviks to get better traction on the boot that they were placing on the people's neck."

1931 - The "Star Spangled Banner," written by Francis Scott Key, was adopted as the American national anthem. The song was originally a poem known as "Defense of Fort McHenry."

1945 - During World War II, Finland declared war on the Axis.

1969 - Sirhan Sirhan testified in a Los Angeles court that he killed Robert Kennedy.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Mon Mar 04, 2019 12:13 pm

1238 - Battle of the Sit River: Mongol forces of Batu Khan overcome Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal near Yaroslavl in Russia, ending Russian resistance.

1634 - Samuel Cole opened the first tavern in Boston, MA.

1681 - England's King Charles II granted a charter to William Penn for an area that later became the state of Pennsylvania.

1766 - The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, which had caused bitter and violent opposition in the U.S. colonies.

1789 - The first Congress of the United States met in New York and declared that the U.S. Constitution was in effect.

1801 - Thomas Jefferson is the first US President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.

1813 - The Russians fighting against Napoleon reached Berlin. The French garrison evacuated the city without a fight.

1861 - The Confederate States of America adopted the "Stars and Bars" flag.

1877 - Emile Berliner invented the microphone.

1904 - In Korea, Russian troops retreated toward the Manchurian border as 100,000 Japanese troops advanced.

1917 - Jeanette Rankin of Montana took her seat as the first woman elected to the House of Representatives.

1918 - First recorded case of Spanish flu at Camp Funston (Now part of FT Reilly), Kanas. The start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million.

1933 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt gave his inauguration speech in which he said "We have nothing to fear, but fear itself."

1954 - In Boston, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital reported the first successful kidney transplant.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Tue Mar 05, 2019 11:44 am

363 - Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death.

1046 - Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book "Safarnama".

1496 - English King Henry VII grants John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands.

1624 - In the American colony of Virginia, the upper class was exempted from whipping by legislation.

1770 - "The Boston Massacre" took place when British troops fired on a crowd in Boston killing five people. Two British troops were later convicted of manslaughter.

1836 - Samuel Colt's Patent Arms Manufacturing of Paterson, New Jersey, was chartered by the New Jersey legislature.

1842 - A Mexican force of over 500 men under Rafael Vasquez invaded Texas for the first time since the revolution. They briefly occupied San Antonio, but were soon forced back to the Rio Grande.

1845 - The U.S. Congress appropriated $30,000 to ship camels to the western U.S.

1868 - The U.S. Senate was organized into a court of impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson.

1872 - George Westinghouse patented the air brake.

1907 - In St. Petersburg, Russia, the new Duma opened. 40,000 demonstrators were dispersed by troops.

1912 - The Italians became arguably the first to use dirigibles for military purposes. They used them for reconnaissance flights behind Turkish lines west of Tripoli.

1933 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered a four-day bank holiday in order to stop large amounts of money from being withdrawn from banks.

1933 - The Nazi Party won 44 percent of the vote in German parliamentary elections.

1943 - Germany called fifteen- and sixteen-year-olds for military service due to war losses.

1946 - Winston Churchill delivered his "Iron Curtain Speech".

1953 - Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin died. He had been in power for 29 years.

1956 - The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the ban on segregation in public schools.

1970 - A nuclear non-proliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it.

1984 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that cities had the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display.

1993 - Cuban President Fidel Castro said that Hillary Clinton was "a beautiful woman." Insert favorite joke about eye care under socialized medicine here.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Wed Mar 06, 2019 12:27 pm

1479 - Treaty of Alcaçovas: Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.

1521 - Ferdinand Magellan discovered Guam.

1820 - The Missouri Compromise was enacted by the U.S. Congress and signed by U.S. President James Monroe. The act admitted Missouri into the Union as a slave state, but prohibited slavery in the rest of the northern Louisiana Purchase territory.

1836 - Battle of the Alamo: After 13 days of fighting, approximately 3,000 Mexican soldiers overwhelm the Texan defenders, killing around 189 Texan volunteers including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett.

1854 - At the Washington Monument, several men stole the Pope's Stone from the lapidarium.

1857 - The U.S. Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision ruled that blacks could not sue in federal court to be citizens. Not SCOTUS' finest hour.

1899 - Aspirin was patented by German researchers Felix Hoffman and Hermann Dreser.

1901 - An assassin tried to kill Wilhelm II of Germany in Bremen.

1928 - A Communist attack on Peking, China resulted in 3,000 dead and 50,000 fled to Swatow.

1944 - During World War II, U.S. heavy bombers began the first American raid on Berlin. Allied planes dropped 2000 tons of bombs.

1946 - Ho Chi Minh, the President of Vietnam, struck an agreement with France that recognized his country as an autonomous state within the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.

1960 - Switzerland granted women the right to vote in municipal elections.

1960 - The United States announced that it would send 3,500 troops to Vietnam.

1967 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announced his plan to establish a draft lottery.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Thu Mar 07, 2019 12:41 pm

322 BC - Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, died.

161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.

1530 - English King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope.

1774 - The British closed the port of Boston to all commerce.

1799 - In Palestine, Napoleon captured Jaffa and his men massacred more than 2,000 Albanian prisoners.

1848 - In Hawaii, the Great Mahele was signed. The Great Mahele was a redistribution of land proposed by King Kamehameha III.

1850 - U.S. Senator Daniel Webster endorsed the Compromise of 1850 as a method of preserving the Union.

1876 - Alexander Graham Bell received a patent (U.S. Patent No. 174,465) for his telephone.

1901 - A grand jury indicted four citizens of Anderson, SC, that had been operating a slavery system in parts of South Carolina. It was determined that many African-Americans were captured while traveling, were jailed and then sent to work for local landowners.

1904 - The Japanese attacked the Russian town of Vladivostok.

1911 - In the wake of the Mexican Revolution, the U.S. sent 20,000 troops to the border of Mexico.

1912 - Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole.

1936 - Hitler sent German troops into the Rhineland in violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles.

1942 - Japanese troops landed on New Guinea.

1945 - During World War II, U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany.

1951 - U.N. forces in Korea under General Matthew Ridgeway launched Operation Ripper against the Chinese.

1989 - Poland accused the Soviet Union of a World War II massacre in Katyn.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Fri Mar 08, 2019 12:24 pm

1531 - Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of Church in England by the Convocation of Canterbury.

1618 - Johann Kepler discovered the third Law of Planetary Motion.

1702 - England's Queen Anne took the throne upon the death of King William III.

1782 - The Gnadenhutten massacre took place. About 90 Indians were killed by militiamen in Ohio in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.

1817 - The New York Stock Exchange is founded.

1855 - A train passed over the first railway suspension bridge at Niagara Falls, NY.

1862 - The Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" was launched. The Union decided to "Monitor" the situation.

1880 - U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes declared that the United States would have jurisdiction over any canal built across the isthmus of Panama.

1904 - The Bundestag in Germany lifted the ban on the Jesuit order of priests.

1917 - Russia's "February Revolution" began with rioting and strikes in St. Petersburg. The revolution was called the "February Revolution" due to Russia's use of the Old Style calendar.

1921 - French troops occupied Dusseldorf.

1941 - Martial law was proclaimed in Holland in order to extinguish any anti-Nazi protests.

1942 - During World War II, Japanese forces captured Rangoon, Burma.

1943 - Japanese forces attacked American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. The battle lasted five days.

1948 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that religious instruction in public schools was unconstitutional.

1965 - The U.S. landed about 3,500 Marines in South Vietnam. They were the first U.S. combat troops to land in Vietnam.

1973 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army undertakes its first operation in Great Britain, planting four car bombs in London; 10 members of PIRA are arrested at Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the country.

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