Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Anything and everything - The history of all man kind...
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n11pilot
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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Mar 09, 2019 1:02 pm

141 BC - Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne of the Han Dynasty in China and rules for 54 years.

1522 - Martin Luther begins preaching his "Invocavit Sermons" in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God's word rather than violence and thus helping bring to a close the revolutionary stage of the Reformation.

1617 - The Treaty of Stolbovo ended the occupation of Northern Russia by Swedish troops.

1776 - Publication of influential economics book "The Wealth of Nations" by Adam Smith.

1793 - Jean Pierre Blanchard made the first balloon flight in North America. The event was witnessed by U.S. President George Washington.

1799 - The U.S. Congress contracted with Simeon North, of Berlin, CT, for 500 horse pistols at the price of $6.50 each.

1820 - The U.S. Congress passed the Land Act that paved the way for westward expansion of North America.

1832 - Abraham Lincoln announced that he would run for a political office for the first time. He was unsuccessful in his run for a seat in the Illinois state legislature.

1839 - The French Academy of Science announced the Daguerreotype photo process.

1860 - The first Japanese ambassador to the U.S. was appointed.

1862 - During the U.S. Civil War, the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (built from the remnants of the USS Merrimack fought to a draw in a five-hour battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia.

1863 - General Ulysses Grant was appointed commander-in-chief of the Union forces.

1905 - In Manchuria, Japanese troops surrounded 200,000 Russian troops that were retreating from Mudken.

1906 - In the Philippines, fifteen Americans and 600 Moros were killed in two days of fighting.

1916 - Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico. 17 people were killed by the 1,500 horsemen.

1918 - Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party.

1933 - The U.S. Congress began its 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. Some Historians and Economists hold that the "New Deal" and other such legislation prolonged the suffering of the Great Depression rather than ending it.

1936 - The German press warned that all Jews who vote in the upcoming elections would be arrested.

1945 - During World War II, U.S. B-29 bombers launched incendiary bomb attacks against Japan.

1967 - Svetlana Alliluyeva, Josef Stalin's daughter defected to the United States.

1983 - The official Soviet news agency TASS says that U.S. President Reagan is full of "bellicose lunatic anti-communism."

1986 - U.S. Navy divers found the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger along with the remains of the astronauts.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sun Mar 10, 2019 12:35 pm

241 BC - The Roman fleet sank 50 Carthaginian ships in the Battle of Aegusa. This sea battle ended the First Punic War.

1629 - England's King Charles I dissolved Parliament and did not call it back for 11 years.

1656 - In the American colony of Virginia, suffrage was extended to all free men regardless of their religion.

1783 - USS Alliance under the command of Captain Barry fights and wins last naval battle of US Revolutionary War off Cape Canaveral.

1785 - Thomas Jefferson was appointed minister to France. He succeeded Benjamin Franklin.

1804 - The formal ceremonies transferring the Louisiana Purchase from France to the U.S. took place in St. Louis.

1848 - The U.S. Senate ratified the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the war with Mexico.

1849 - Abraham Lincoln applied for a patent for a device to lift vessels over shoals by means of inflated cylinders.

1861 - West African political leader El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali.

1876 - Alexander Graham Bell made the first successful call with the telephone. He spoke the words "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you."

1902 - U.S. Attorney General Philander Knox announced that a suit was being brought against Morgan and Harriman's Northern Securities Company. The suit was enforcement of the Sherman Antitrust Act. Northern Securities loss in court was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court on March 14, 1904.

1912 - China became a republic after the overthrow of the Manchu Ching Dynasty.

1927 - Prussia lifted its Nazi ban allowing Adolf Hitler to speak in public.

1941 - Vichy France threatened to use its navy unless Britain allowed food to reach France.

1944 - The Irish refused to oust all Axis envoys and denied the accusation of spying on Allied troops.

1945 - American B-29 bombers attacked Tokyo, Japan, 100,000 were killed.

1953 - North Korean gunners at Wonsan fired upon the USS Missouri. The ship responded by firing 998 rounds at the enemy position. It should be remembered that every shell from the Missouri's main guns weighs as much as a Volkswagen.

1966 - France withdrew from NATO's military command to protest U.S. dominance of the alliance and asked NATO to move its headquarters from Paris.

1980 - Iran's leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, lent his support to the militants holding American hostages in Tehran.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Mon Mar 11, 2019 11:20 am

537 - The Goths began their siege on Rome.

1502 - Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty, crowned Shah of Persia (rules till 1524).

1649 - The peace of Rueil was signed between the Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government.

1702 - The Daily Courant, the first regular English newspaper was published.

1810 - The Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.

1824 - The U.S. War Department created the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Seneca Indian Ely Parker became the first Indian to lead the Bureau.

1845 - Seven hundred Maoris led by their chief, Hone-Heke, burned the small town of Kororareka. The act was in protest to the settlement of Maoriland by Europeans, which was a breach of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

1861 - A Confederate Convention was held in Montgomery, Alabama, where a new constitution was adopted.

1865 - Union General William Sherman and his forces occupied Fayetteville, NC.

1901 - U.S. Steel was formed when industrialist J.P. Morgan purchased Carnegie Steep Corp. The event made Andrew Carnegie the world's richest man.

1907 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt induced California to revoke its anti-Japanese legislation.

1907 - In Bulgaria, Premier Nicolas Petkov was killed by an anarchist.

1918 - Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia.

1941 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the Lend-Lease Act, which authorized the act of providing war supplies to the Allies.

1946 - Communists and Nationalists began fighting as the Soviets pulled out of Mukden, Manchuria.

1965 - The American navy began inspecting Vietnamese junks in an effort to end arms smuggling to the South.

1985 - Mikhail Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader.

1990 - Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union. It was the first Soviet republic to break away from Communist control.

2002 - Two columns of light were pointed skyward from ground zero in New York as a temporary memorial to the victims of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Tue Mar 12, 2019 11:30 am

538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome, retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.

1455 - First record of Johannes Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before.

1496 - Jews were expelled from Syria.

1609 - The Bermuda Islands became an English colony.

1664 - New Jersey became a British colony. King Charles II granted land in the New World to his brother James (The Duke of York).

1860 - Congress accepts Preemption Bill: free land in West for settlers.

1863 - President Jefferson Davis delivered his State of the Confederacy address.

1894 - Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time. This would be of vital importance in four years during the Spanish-American War when US Troops invented the Cuba libre.

1903 - The Czar of Russia issued a decree providing for nominal freedom of religion throughout his territory.

1909 - Three U.S. warships were ordered to Nicaragua to stem the conflict with El Salvador.

1930 - Ghandi began his 200-mile march to the sea that symbolized his defiance of British rule over India.

1933 - President Paul von Hindenburg dropped the flag of the German Republic and ordered that the swastika and empire banner be flown side by side.

1938 - The "Anschluss" took place as German troops entered Austria.

1940 - Finland surrendered to Russia ending the Russo-Finnish War. The Finns did not go cheap. They put up a strong and devastating defense against overwhelming numbers.

1959 - The U.S. House joined the U.S. Senate in approving the statehood of Hawaii.

1985 - The U.S. and the U.S.S.R. began arms control talks in Geneva.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Wed Mar 13, 2019 11:25 am

483 - St. Felix III began his reign as Pope.

607 - The 12th recorded passage of Halley's Comet occurred.

1519 - Cortez landed in Mexico.

1591 - Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai.

1777 - The U.S. Congress ordered its European envoys to appeal to high-ranking foreign officers to send troops to reinforce the American army.

1781 - William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus.

1852 - The New York "Lantern" newspaper published the first "Uncle Sam cartoon". It was drawn by Frank Henry Bellew.

1868 - The U.S. Senate began the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.

1884 - Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months.

1884 - Standard time was adopted throughout the U.S.

1901 - Andrew Carnegie announced that he was retiring from business and that he would spend the rest of his days giving away his fortune. His net worth was estimated at $300 million.

1903 - Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy on over 500,000 square miles.

1915 - The Germans repelled a British expeditionary force attack in France.

1935 - Three-thousand-year-old archives were found in Jerusalem confirming some biblical history.

1941 - Adolf Hitler issued an edict calling for an invasion of the U.S.S.R.

1946 - Premier Tito seized wartime collaborator General Draja Mikhailovich in a cave in Yugoslavia.

1969 - The Apollo 9 astronauts returned to Earth after the conclusion of a mission that included the successful testing of the Lunar Module.

1991 - Exxon paid $1 billion in fines and for the clean-up of the Alaskan oil spill.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Thu Mar 14, 2019 11:34 am

1489 - Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, sold her kingdom to Venice. She was the last of the Lusignan dynasty.

1590 - Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion.

1629 - A Royal charter was granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1757 - British Admiral John Byng was executed by a firing squad on board HMS Monarch for neglect of duty. The justice of Byng's execution is a matter of much debate among historians.

1794 - Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states.

1891 - The submarine Monarch laid telephone cable along the bottom of the English Channel to prepare for the first telephone links across the Channel.

1900 - US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act.

1903 - The U.S. Senate ratified the Hay-Herran Treaty that guaranteed the U.S. the right to build a canal at Panama. The Columbian Senate rejected the treaty. A deal was signed on November 6, 1903 with the newly independent Panama.

1905 - The British House of Commons cited a need to compete with Germany in naval strength. In keeping with this prevailing spirit in Great Britain the HMS Dreadnought was launched the following year rendering all previous or "Pre-Dreadnought" battleships obsolete. It also triggered the "Dreadnought war" which was a Cold War like struggle for naval superiority fought with technological advances, industrial expansion and espionage.

1912 - An anarchist named Antonio Dalba unsuccessfully attempted to kill Italy's King Victor Emmanuel III in Rome.

1914 - Henry Ford announced the new continuous motion method to assemble cars. The process decreased the time to make a car from 12½ hours to 93 minutes.

1918 - An all-Russian Congress of Soviets ratified a peace treaty with the Central Powers.

1943 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane while in office.

1943 - World War II: Krakow Ghetto is "liquidated". Most of the Jews able to work were transported as slave labor to work concentration camps, Jew who were able to move but unable to work were sent to death camps. Some 2,000 Jews who were unable to work or move or who tried to escape were murdered in their homes or in the street

1945 - In Germany, a 22,000 pound "Grand Slam" bomb was dropped by the Royal Air Force Dumbuster Squad on the Beilefeld railway viaduct. It was the heaviest bomb used during World War II.

1951 - U.N. forces recaptured Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.

1964 - A Dallas jury found Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Fri Mar 15, 2019 11:24 am

44 BC - Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was assassinated by high ranking Roman Senators. The day is known as the "Ides of March."

221 - Liu Bei, a Chinese warlord and member of the Han royal house, declares himself Emperor of Shu-Han, claiming legitimate succession to the Han Dynasty.

1493 - Christopher Columbus returned to Spain after his first New World voyage.

1778 - In command of two frigates, the Frenchman la Perouse sailed east from Botany Bay for the last lap of his voyage around the world.

1781 - During the American Revolution, the Battle of Guilford Courthouse took place in North Carolina. British General Cornwallis' 1,900 soldiers defeated an American force of 4,400.

1783 - In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.

1864 - Red River Campaign began as the Union forces reach Alexandria, LA.

1901 - German Chancellor von Bulow declared that an agreement between Russia and China over Manchuria would violate the Anglo-German accord of October 1900.

1904 - Three hundred Russians were killed as the Japanese shelled Port Arthur in Korea.

1913 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson held the first open presidential news conference.

1916 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sent 12,000 troops, under General Pershing, over the border of Mexico to pursue bandit Pancho Villa. The mission failed in its goal of capturing Villa but it did successfully ensure that the bandit and his forces would never again invade the US.

1917 - Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated himself and his son. His brother Grand Duke succeeded as czar. Old calendar date 2 March.

1919 - The American Legion was founded in Paris.

1935 - Joseph Goebbels, German Minister of Propaganda banned four Berlin newspapers.

1939 - German forces occupied Bohemia and Moravia, and part of Czechoslovakia.

1944 - Cassino, Italy, was destroyed by Allied bombing.

1951 - General de Lattre demanded that Paris send him more troops for the fight in Vietnam.

1962 - Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter.

1990 - The Soviet parliament ruled that Lithuania's declaration of independence was invalid and that Soviet law was still in force in the Baltic republic.

1991 - Four Los Angeles police officers were indicted in the beating of Rodney King on March 3, 1991. (California)

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Mar 16, 2019 11:16 am

597 BC Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king

1190 - The massacre of Jews in York, England begins.

1521 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines. He was killed the next month by natives.

1621 - Samoset walked into the settlement of Plymouth Colony, later Plymouth, MA. Samoset was a native from the Monhegan tribe in Maine who spoke English.

1792 King Gustav III of Sweden is shot by Count Jacob Johan Anckarstrom at a masked ball at the Opera; he dies on March 29

1802 - The U.S. Congress established the West Point Military Academy in New York.

1882 - The U.S. Senate approved a treaty allowing the United States to join the Red Cross.

1909 - Cuba suffered its first revolt only six weeks after the inauguration of Gomez.

1926 - Physicist Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid-fuel rocket.

1935 - Adolf Hitler ordered a German rearmament and violated the Versailles Treaty.

1939 - Germany occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia.

1945 - Iwo Jima was declared secure by the US forces. However, small pockets of Japanese resistance still existed.

1964 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson submitted a $1 billion war on poverty program to Congress.

1978 - Italian politician Aldo Moro was kidnapped by left-wing urban guerrillas. Moro was later murdered by the group.

1982 - Russia announced they would halt their deployment of new nuclear missiles in Western Europe.

1985 - Terry Anderson, an Associated Press newsman, was taken hostage in Beirut. He was released in December 4, 1991.

1988 - Indictments were issued for Lt. Colonel Oliver North, Vice Admiral John Poindexter of the National Security Council, and two others for their involvement in the Iran-Contra affair.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Sat Mar 16, 2019 7:43 pm

OK, 92 years ago, the same year that Lindbergh took off on his flight from New York to Paris, my Mom was born. Her actual birthday is the 20TH but for reasons of convenience we are celebrating tomorrow following a night of classic films, embarrassing family stories, and helpings of Grandpa's (Mom's dad) whiskey punch and comfort food. Therefore I will not be near a computer to provide tomorrows history. I am going to post it now so unless you want total disappointment tomorrow morning read no further until then.

17 March

432 - Saint Patrick, aged about 16 is captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland (traditional date).

461 - Bishop Patrick, ST Patrick, died in Saul. Ireland celebrates this day in his honor. It would be straining credulity a bit that ST Patrick would have been taken to Ireland and passed away on exactly the same date some 29 years later but that is the thing about traditional dates they are probably close but not exact.

1756 - St. Patrick's Day was celebrated in New York City for the first time. The event took place at the Crown and Thistle Tavern.

1776 - British forces evacuated Boston to Nova Scotia during the Revolutionary War.

1861 - Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi.

1884 - In Otay, California, John Joseph Montgomery made the first manned, controlled, heavier-than-air glider flight in the United States.

1901 - In Paris, Vincent Van Gogh's paintings were shown at the Bernheim Gallery.

1905 - Albert Einstein finishes his scientific paper detailing his Quantum Theory of Light, one of the foundations of modern physics.

1930 - In New York, construction began on the Empire State Building. Excavation at the site began on January 22.

1939 - Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out (Sino-Japanese War 1937-1945).

1942 - Douglas MacArthur became the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in the Southwestern Pacific.

1950 - Scientists at the University of California at Berkeley announced that they had created a new radioactive element. They named it "californium". It is also known as element 98.

1966 - A U.S. submarine found a missing H-bomb in the Mediterranean off of Spain.

1970 - The U.S. Army charged 14 officers with suppression of facts in the My Lai massacre case.

1973 - The first American prisoners of war (POWs) were released from the "Hanoi Hilton" in Hanoi, North Vietnam.

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Re: Today in History!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Post by n11pilot » Mon Mar 18, 2019 11:22 am

37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.

1123 - 1ST Latern Council, 9th ecumenical council, opens in Rome, agreements of the Concordat of Worms ratified.

1314 - Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France.

1532 - The English parliament banned payments by English church to Rome.

1541 - Hernando de Soto observed the first recorded flood of the Mississippi River.

1813 - David Melville patented the gas streetlight.

1850 - Henry Wells & William Fargo founded American Express.

1874 - Hawaii signed a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the U.S.

1900 - Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war.

1909 - Einar Dessau of Denmark used a short wave transmitter to become the first person to broadcast as a "ham" operator.

1913 - Greek King George I was killed by an assassin. Constantine I succeeded him.

1916 - Russia countered the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lost 100,000 men and the Germans lost 20,000.

1922 - British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience.

1940 - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini held a meeting at the Brenner Pass. The Italian dictator agreed to join in Germany's war against France and Britain during the meeting.

1942 - The third military draft began in the U.S. because of World War II.

1949 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was ratified.

1959 - U.S. President Eisenhower signed the Hawaii statehood bill.

1963 - The U.S. Supreme Court handed down the Miranda decision concerning legal council for defendants.

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